In the crosshairs or at a crossroads? Indonesia’s anti-corruption inflection point

The anti-corruption enforcement landscape in Indonesia has changed significantly in recent years. With the application of a new criminal code and restrictions on the authority of the Corruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi), more commonly known as the KPK, Indonesia’s law enforcement agencies are facing fresh challenges in their efforts to combat corruption. Yet there should be hope on the horizon. Legislation currently being debated has the potential to ease some of these challenges, and, with a significant February 2024 election to decide Indonesia’s leadership, reform is expected.

We outline here the history, current challenges, and future of Indonesia’s anti-corruption enforcement. We first discuss the development of corruption enforcement in Indonesia and the KPK’s long-term rhetoric. We then address the weakening of the KPK as an independent enforcement authority, as well as the key challenges faced by the KPK in enforcing anti-corruption provisions. Finally, we will explore the future of anti-corruption enforcement in Indonesia, the potential reforms currently being discussed in the presidential elections and the pending anti-corruption legislation that promises to offer new solutions in tackling corruption in Indonesia.

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