Mongolia's Conflict of Interest Law

On 19 January 2012, the Parliament of Mongolia, the State Great Khural, adopted the Law on Regulating Public and Private Interests in Public Service and Preventing Conflicts of Interest (the "CIL"). The CIL came into effect on 1 May 2012.

The CIL aims to prevent conflicts of interest arising between the official duties and private interests of those in public service roles, and to regulate and monitor conflicts of interest in order to ensure that public service activities accord with the public interest and that transparency and faith in public services is maintained.

Those in "public service roles" are listed in the CIL, and we set out the full list further below. In this note we will use the term "public official".

A "conflict of interest" is defined in the CIL as circumstances where either (i) there is a conflict between the private interests of a public official and public interests which may arise when carrying out his/her official duties; or (ii) it is unlikely that a public official's official duties can be discharged in a fair and equitable manner.

"Private interest" is defined as the proprietary and other interests of a public official or his/her related persons which could affect the discharge of official duties by a public official.

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