Fracking fracas - English Court of Appeal gives guidance on injunctions against persons unknown

When can the courts issue injunctions against people who cannot be identified but who they suspect may be intending to engage in a wrong?

The English Court of Appeal in Joseph Boyd & Ors v Ineos Upstream Limited & Ors [2019] EWCA Civ 515 has given important guidance on when the Court may issue injunctions against persons unknown to prevent the commission of a wrong. In that case, injunctions were granted at first instance against four out of five groups of defendants, described as "persons unknown" and thought likely to become involved in unlawful protests against "fracking" (shale gas exploration) at sites selected by the Ineos Group of companies. An appeal was brought by interested persons and groups including the lobbying group 'Friends of the Earth', who, though not the subject of the injunctions, had been permitted to intervene in the action.

Read more: Fracking fracas – English Court of Appeal gives guidance on injunctions against persons unknown


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