Data Privacy: the European Commission pushes for total harmonization

Originally published in French, this article examines the European Commission's January 25, 2012 proposal for a regulation on the protection of personal data privacy in Europe, focusing in particular on the Commission's choice of a regulation as opposed to a directive, and the new obligations that will be imposed on companies, including the accountability principle, privacy by design and the obligation to conduct privacy impact assessments for certain kinds of processing.  The article describes the proposed changes in the rules on applicable law, which are designed to bring certain non-European websites within the scope of European law, and the proposed "right to be forgotten" and right to data portability.

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