A stricter regime for profiling07 June 2016
Vice-President of the European Commission Announces Talks with US on an Umbrella Data Protection Agreement for National Security Purposes
In a speech to at Atlantic Council in Washington, DC on 9 July, Viviane Reding, Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship announced that she has begun exploratory talks with the United States for a comprehensive EU-US agreement for personal data protection standards to apply whenever personal data needs to be transferred across the Atlantic for the purposes of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. Vice-President Reding said: "The aim is clear: to provide legal certainty to data transfers by ensuring that all these transfers are subject to high standards of data protection on both sides of the Atlantic."
Also appearing at the Atlantic Council with Vice-President Reding was Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano who, according to the Atlantic Council web site
noted that the United States has a long tradition of insisting on personal privacy — and is in some ways, such as a cultural antipathy to national identification cards and showing passports at hotel check-ins and the like, even more privacy conscious than Europe— the fact of the matter is that protection of personal data does not rise to the level of fundamental right in our society.
That difference in approach in the US from the EU, with its Charter of Fundamental Rights which very specifically guarantees a right to personal data protection, suggests that the road to a bilateral treaty will be long.
Likewise, the path to the EU recognizing the US as a country with "adequate protections" allowing the cross-border flow of personal data without the encumbrances of model contract clauses, the EU-US Safe Harbor or Binding Corporate Rules seems distant. Still, at a dinner this author had with Vice-President Reding with her delegation following her Atlantic Council (and her deposit of the new EU "Bill of Rights" a the National Archives), I was able to preview some of the themes of my upcoming presentation at the PLI Privacy Law Institute in Chicago on Monday, 19 July entitled "Is the Tide Turning? The Impact of the HITECH Act & Other Federal Regulation." I conveyed to Ms. Reding that the time has come for the EU to reappraise the US level of protection given the FTC's "common law of consent decrees" through which specific rules on data protection have arisen, given the forty-six state data security breach notification laws which have prompted heightened attention to the protection of personal data, and given the application and enforcement of the many other sectoral and geographic privacy laws.
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