|After the UK Brexit referendum of 23 June the implications on the political, economic and legal relations between the UK and the EU have been discussed from many angles. But what about...|
Commercial Satellites: Report to Congress Recommends the Relaxation of Export Controls
The 1248 report recommended that the following types of satellites and related systems no longer be controlled as military or defense-related items under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR):
- Communications satellites that do not contain classified components;
- Remote sensing satellites with performance parameters below certain thresholds; and
- Systems and components associated with such satellites and with performance parameters below certain thresholds.
Instead, the report suggests these should be controlled under the less restrictive Export Administration Regulations as commercial/dual-use items on the Commerce Control List (CCL). At the same time, however, the Section 1248 Report recommends that the following types of satellites and related systems be retained under the ITAR:
- Satellites with a purely military or intelligence mission;
- Remote sensing satellites with high performance parameters;
- Systems and components unique to with such satellites and not common to dual-use satellites; and
- Foreign launch operation services for both military and commercial satellites.
The report also recommends that the U.S. Government policy of barring satellite exports to embargoed countries, such as China, Iran, and North Korea, be retained, even for commercial communications satellites and associated components that are transferred to the CCL.
Going forward, the Section 1248 report also urges Congress to return to the president the authority to implement these changes to the USML and the CCL – a 1998 law stripped the president of this authority, making space-related items the only dual-use items that are required by law to be controlled under the USML.
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