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Winston Maxwell
Partner, Paris
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Winston Maxwell is one of the leading media, communications and data protection lawyers in France. His practice covers three principal areas :

Data protection and privacy : Winston advises clients on developing global data privacy governance schemes, on cross-border discovery, implementation of compliance and whistleblowing programs across multiple jurisdictions, handling data breaches, fraud and employee theft of data. He has advised on the regulation of connected health devices, connected vehicles, smart meters and home security devices. Winston advises on innovative social media and cloud solutions. Winston has testified before the CNIL and several parliamentary committees in France on reform of data protection legislation, and represented clients in lobbying efforts before the European Commission in connection with reform of EU data protection rules. Winston teaches comparative privacy law at a leading French business and engineering school.

Telecommunications and Internet : Winston advises public and private sector clients in the telecommunications and internet industry on corporate, commercial, regulatory and litigation matters. Winston recently co-authored a report for the European Commission on the adoption bill & keep charging mechanisms for the exchange of IP traffic, and a report for the French regulatory authority ARCEP on the regulatory treatment of over-the-top services, cloud computing services and content delivery networks (CDNs). Winston advises mobile and fixed operators, Internet service and applications providers, directory providers, paging operators, and regulators.

Media and entertainment : French and international motion picture producers, distributors and channel providers seek Winston’s advice on commercial contracts, M&A, production and co-production agreements, agreements with talent, IFTA arbitrations, and regulatory questions linked to channel licenses, new technologies, connected TV and VOD.

In 2014, Winston was named to the Digital Rights Commission of the French National Assembly.

  • Advice to multinationals in the creation of comprehensive data privacy governance programs, including advice on BCRs
  • Implementing specific data privacy governance frameworks for cross-border discovery, and data transfers in corporate transactions
  • Winston co-authored a study for the French CNIL on the regulation of connected health ("quantified self") devices
  • Winston has represented a number of companies in their relations with the French CNIL, including in contentious proceedings
  • Advising French and non-French mobile and fixed operators on regulation of fixed and mobile termination rates, spectrum policy, and privacy regulations, including dispute resolution before the ARCEP
  • Advising international telecommunications providers and customers on cloud computing contracts and regulations
  • Advice to regulatory authorities in Europe and Africa on the implementation of new regulations relating to broadband communications (3G, 4G, fiber, DSL, cable)
  • Representation of motion picture producers and distributors in disputes including IFTA arbitrations 
  • Negotiation and drafting of motion picture development, production and distribution agreements 
  • Acquisitions and joint ventures involving film & television production companies and TV channels; regulatory advice on channels and VOD platforms

Hogan Lovells Publications
6 October 2015 "Safe Harbor Invalidated – What Next?"

Autumn 2015 "Global Media and Communications Quarterly."

Spring 2015 "Global Media and Communications Quarterly – Spring 2015."

Autumn 2014 "Global Media and Communications Quarterly – Autumn 2014." Global Media and Communications Quarterly, Hogan Lovells

Autumn 2014 "Technology neutrality in Internet, telecoms and data protection regulation." Global Media and Communications Quarterly, Autumn 2014, Hogan Lovells

09 June 2014 "European Commission Approves Merger of Second and Fourth Largest Irish Wireless Carriers." Communications Alert, Hogan Lovells

Spring 2014 "Global Media and Communications Quarterly - Spring 2014." Global Media and Communications Quarterly, Hogan Lovells

21 May 2014 "EU High Court Grants "Right to Be Forgotten" and Expands Privacy Jurisdiction Over Foreign Companies: What Should Businesses Operating Outside of Europe Do Now?" Privacy Alert, Hogan Lovells

WInter 2014 "Winter 2014 | Global Media and Communications Quarterly." Global Media and Communications Quarterly, Hogan Lovells

Published Works
23 January 2015 "US: Highly-priced frequency bands could upset the balance of the 4 mobile operator market." Edition Multimédi@

January 2015 "Technology Neutrality in Internet, Telecoms and Data Protection Regulation." Computer and Telecommunications Law Review

October 2014 "French Council of State issues recommendations on privacy and other fundamental rights in a digital environment." Edition Multimédi@

October 2014 "The three facets of technological neutrality." Cahiers de l'Arcep

September 2014 "Freedom of expression on the Internet, a comparative study." French Council of State's (Conseil d'Etat) study on fundamental rights on the Internet

7 July 2014 "Net neutrality: The FCC raises the possibility of a data termination tariff." Edition Multimédi@, n° 105

May 2014 "French Broadcasting Authority proposes to regulate Internet content." World Communications Regulation Report, Bloomberg BNA

7 April 2014 "Net neutrality: the US and Europe differ on the principle of non-discrimination." Edition Multimédi@, n° 99

11 March 2014 "Testimony of Winston Maxwell before the French Senate Committee on Internet goverrnance." L'Europe au secours de l'Internet : démocratiser la gouvernance de l'Internet en s'appuyant sur une ambition politique et industrielle européenne, Tome II : Comptes rendus des auditions, Sénat

20 February 2014 "Global Privacy Governance." Fondation Télécom

13 February 2014 "Systematic government access to private-sector data in France." International Data Privacy Law, 2014 Vol.4, N° 1

February 2014 "L'efficacité à l'étranger des décisions françaises en matière de communication : le cas des Etats -Unis et du Premier Amendement." Légicom n° 52

13 January 2014 "Qu'attendre de la CJUEconcernant le blocage des sites Internet en matière de droits d'auteurs ?" Edition Multimédi@

14 October 2013 "The universal right to be forgotten on the internet worldwide seems to be impossible / Un droit à l'oubli universel applicable à l’Internet mondial semble hors de portée." Edition Multimédi@

October 2013 "La protection des données à caractère personnel aux Etats-unis : convergences et divergences avec l'approche européenne." Le Cloud Computing, L'informatique en nuage, Société de législation comparée

22 July 2013 "Données publiques et données personnelles : un « mariage pour tous » aux limites de la légalité." Edition Multimédi@

June 2013 "Two models in the US: Exceptions to copyright law." Supplement on "The effectiveness of exceptions to copyright law and other similar laws: practices, legislation and regulation", Revue Lamy Droit de l'immateriel

May 2013 "4G in China: The Middle Kingdom speeds up." Cahiers de l'ARCEP

April 2013 "No transatlantic free trade agreement without adequate protection of personal data." Edition Multimédi@

February 2013 "Taxing personal data is much simpler in theory than in practice." Edition Multimédi@

November 2012 "The French Audiovisual Authority (le CSA) puts forward a proposal of "cultural exception" for the neutrality of the internet." Edition Multimédi@

Summer 2012 "So Close, Yet so far Apart: The EU and U.S.visions of a New Privacy Network." Antitrust, Vol. 26, no 3, 2012

Autumn 2012 "Patriot Act focus ignores governmental access to data in the cloud in multiple jurisdictions." Information Security and Privacy News

September 2012 "Telecom operators want better pay for Internet traffic." Edition Multimédi@

25 June 2012 "Fair use in Europe: not yet good idea, but one that might justify a copyright regulator." Edition Multimédi@

June 2012 "Confronting the FCC Net Neutrality Order with European Regulatory Principles." The Journal of Regulation

9 April 2012 "Data Privacy: United States and Europe converge on key principles." Edition Multimédi@

13 February 2012 "Data Privacy: the European Commission pushes for total harmonization." Edition Multimédi@

2012 "Confronting the FCC Net neutrality order with European regulatory principles." The Journal of Regulation n°2

2012 "Confronting the FCC Net neutrality order with European regulatory principles." The Journal of Regulation n°2

21 November 2011 "Movie industry obtains blockage of a film-piracy site." Edition Multimédi@

5 September 2011 "Graduated response: the United States launches a private sector version of Hadopi." Edition Multimédi@

30 May 2011 "Internet filtering and blocking of the Web by telcos: a specific law is necessary." Edition Multimédi@

14 March 2011 "Net Neutrality: the main difficulty will be to set a minimum quality of service requirements." Edition Multimédi@

Spring 2011 "Data security in the Age of Cloud Computing." Commerce in France

February 2011 "Network Neutrality." Editions La Découverte

17 January 2011 "Net neutrality regulation: The United States shows the way for Europe." Edition Multimédi@

January 2011 "Ten facets of the Internet and the digital economy." Questions Internationales, n° 47

December 2010 "Providers face concerns over net neutrality." ManagingIP.com

November 2010 "Net neutrality: regulators await European guidelines." Edition Multimédi@

Autumn 2010 "Net neutrality in Europe: an economic and legal analysis." Revue Concurrence, n°4-2010

September 2010 "Connected TV creates a challenge for broadcasting regulations." Edition Multimédi@

August 2010 "The neutrality of networks: an introduction to the U.S. Debate." Les cahiers de l'ARCEP

August 2010 "The neutrality of networks: an introduction to the U.S. debate." Les cahiers de l'ARCEP

January-February-March 2010 "My Rural Telco is Rich!" Les Cahiers de l'ARCEP

18 January 2010 "The US Try to Preserve Internet Neutrality." Edition Multimedi@ n° 5

4th Quarter 2009 "Smart Grids and Privacy." Communications & Strategies n° 76

19 November 2009 "Sharing Infrastructure: What Role for the Public Authorities?" FRATEL 7th Annual Conference (Brussels)

16 November 2009 "Post Hadopi: The Role of Internet Service Providers Still Needs to be Clarified." Edition Multimédi@

October 2009 "Electronic Medical Data - Powerful New Communication Tools Create Privacy Challenges." Commerce in France n° 73

04 September 2009 "Making People Want to Download Legally." Les Echos

July-August 2009 "Less Legal Claims and More Cooperation from Copyright Owners in Connection with the Piracy Fight on the Internet." Légipresse n° 263

April 2009 "Seller's Liability for Business Facing Financial Difficulty." International Law Office

March 2009 "Content Industry: What Future for Territoriality Clauses in Copyright Licenses?" Revue Lamy Droit de l'Immatériel N° 47, Wolters Kluwer

01 January 2009 "A Comparative French and U.S. Law Approach to Scènes à Faire and Other Non-Protectable Elements in Copyright Law." Propriétés Intellectuelles

28 November 2008 "The FCC's Network Neutrality Ruling in the Comcast Case: Towards A Consensus With Europe?" Communications & Strategies, no. 72, Q4 2008, p.73

20 November 2008 "Electronic Communications: The Three Proposals Which Vex The Key Players." Le Temps

September - October 2008 "What Can Europe Learn From the Comcast Affair in the United States?" La Lettre de l'Autorité de Régulation des Communications électroniques et des Postes

24 September 2008 "New Law Implements Cross-Border Mergers Directive." International Law Office French M&A Newsletter

29 August 2008 "Net Neutrality in the U.S.: Comcast Can No Longer Block P2P Exchanges." Le Journal du Net

30 June 2008 "Spectrum and Copyright: Paving the New Media Highway." Commerce in France

30 June 2008 "Targeted Advertising and Consumer Protection in France, Europe, and the U.S." Contrats - Concurrences - Consommation, LexisNexis JurisClasseur

April 2008 "U.S. and EU Authorities Review Privacy Threats on Social Networking Sites." Ent. L.R., Issue 4, Sweet & Maxwell Limited

01 December 2007 "United States: Using Spectrum Policy to Promote “Wireless Net Neutrality”." La Lettre de l'Autorité de Régulation des Communications électroniques et des Postes

4th quarter 2007 "Regulating Duct Access in Europe: Lessons from the U.S. Regulatory Framework." Communications & Strategies, no. 68

30 April 2007 "Functional Separation: What We Can Learn From The British Experience." La Lettre de l'Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques et des Postes

07 November 2006 "La séparation réseau-services comme outil de dérégulation." LesEchos.fr

11 October 2006 "Economic patriotism: France’s regulations more bark than bite." Commerce in France

01 June 2006 "French Copyright Law Reform: French Supreme Court Upholds Legality of DVD Anti-Copy Measures." Entertainment Law Review

30 May 2006 "la Cour europeenne de justice est saisie." La lettre des télécommunications

01 March 2006 "France Criticized for New Foreign Investment Rules." IFLR - International Financial Law Review

31 October 2005 "Paris Appeal Court Rules DVD Anti-Copy Measures Illegal." Entertainment Law Review, Sweet & Maxwell Limited

31 July 2005 "French Exon-Florio Regulations to be Issued." The European Lawyer

24 May 2005 "Contrôler des investissements étrangers." Les Echos

01 May 2005 "Le Financement du Service Universel Aux Etats-Unis." La Lettre de L’Autorité de Régulation des Communications Ėlectroniques et des Postes

01 April 2005 "Defining "Control" of Motion Picture and Television Companies Under French Law." Entertainment Law Review

01 March 2005 "New Motion Picture Tax Incentives in France and Hungary." Entertainment Law Review

01 October 2004 "French Data Protection Law - Consequences for Companies."

August 2004 "The August 6th 2004 French Data Protection Law: Consequences for companies." Communications & Strategies

01 April 2004 "Moral Rights Clauses after Barbelivien." Entertainment Law Review, Sweet & Maxwell Limited

28 February 2004 "The Decisions of the FCC Have Become Very 'Political'."

2003 "Electronic Communications: the New EU Framework.", Oxford University Press

12 February 2003 "French Moral Rights: It's Not As Bad As It Looks."

22 July 2002 "3G in the United States: Caught Between the Supreme Court and the Pentagon." The Telecommunications Newsletter

25 March 2002 "Freedom of Speech and the Internet: Europe, and the U.S. Perspectives after September 11, 2001." 17th European Communications Policy Research Conference. Barcelona, Spain. 25, March. 2002.

01 January 2002 "Electronic Communications: The New EU Framework." Oceana Publications

01 January 2001 "Telecommunications Under the Bush Administration." ENST Alumni Journal

Technology, Media and Telecoms
Technology, Media and Telecoms
  • French and European Communications Law
  • Media and Entertainment Law
  • Transactions and Policy
  • Privacy Law 
  • Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Chronicle of Data Protection
International Spectrum Review
Global Media and Communications Watch
J.D., Cornell University Law School, 1985 B.A., with highest honors, Oregon State University, 1982
  • Co-Chair, American Chamber of Commerce in France's New Media, IT and Privacy Committee
  • Member, Digital Rights Commission of the French National Assembly
  • Member IAPP
  • Member of International Association of Entertainment Lawyers
  • Chambers Europe, Band 1, Media - France 2014
  • Chambers Europe, Band 1, Telecommunications - France 2014
  • The Legal 500: Europe, Middle East and Africa, Media and Entertainment - Full service: Leading Individual - France 2014
  • Telecommunications Lawyer of the Year 2014 by Best Lawyers in France
  • Who's Who Legal specialist 2014: Information Technology
  • Who's Who Legal specialist 2014: Telecommunications
LANGUAGES English French