Publications

Publications

The Netherlands Post-Damages Directive: Will the Popularity as a Preferred Forum for Actions for Damages for Competition Law Infringements Increase?

The Dutch Government implemented the EU Damages Directive into national law. The implementation act essentially aims to ensure that anyone who was suffered harm caused by an infringement of ...

Blog Post

Damage Control: The Implementation of the EU Damages Directive in Belgium

Ivan Pico, Koen Darding, 'Damage Control: The Implementation of the EU Damages Directive in Belgium', Kluwer Competition Law Blog, July 11 2017, http://kluwercompetitionlawblog.com...

Published Works

Towards a higher degree of independence of competition authorities: Lessons learned from Spain's institutional reform

In this article, Jaime Rodriguez-Toquero and Ivan Pico assess the ECJ's judgment Ormaetxea Garai and Lorenzo Almendros (19 October 2016) regarding the independence requirement of National...

Published Works

The Spanish Audiencia Nacional holds that mobile phones are not safe from dawn raid scrutiny (Nougat cartel)

Jaime Rodriguez-Toquero Aymerich, Ivan Pico, The Spanish Audiencia Nacional holds that mobile phones are not safe from dawn raid scrutiny (Nougat cartel), 21 July 2016, e-Competitions...

Blog Post

Galp Energía España: The General Court’s failed attempt at enlarging its unlimited jurisdiction

A recent judgment in the Spanish bitumen cartel, Galp Energía España, has shed some light on the intensity of the EU Courts’ legality review under Article 263 of the...

Blog Post

New Belgian Leniency Guidelines Open Door to Individual Applicants

On 1 March 2016, the Belgian Competition Authority (“BCA”) adopted its new Leniency Guidelines (“the 2016 Leniency Guidelines”). The 2016 Leniency Guidelines replace ...

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